1. Dehydrated culture media
  2. Harmonised Pharmacopoeia
  3. Pinnacle™
    1. Pinnacle™ pre-poured plates
  4. µPREP™
  5. Captivate™
  6. NutriTone™

Understanding CRISPR sgRNA (Single Guide RNA)

CRISPR-Cas9 technology has revolutionized genome engineering, offering unprecedented precision and efficiency in DNA editing. Central to this system is the guide RNA (gRNA), a molecule that directs the Cas9 nuclease to specific DNA sequences for editing. Within the realm of guide RNAs, a key concept is the single guide RNA (sgRNA), which has gained prominence due to its simplicity and effectiveness. Let's delve into the intricacies of sgRNA to demystify its role in CRISPR technology.

  1. Introduction to CRISPR-Cas9 Technology: CRISPR-Cas9 operates through a ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complex comprising a guide RNA (gRNA) and Cas9 nuclease. The gRNA consists of a customizable crispr RNA (crRNA) sequence, which identifies the target DNA, and a trans-activating crRNA (tracrRNA) sequence, which binds to Cas9.
  2. Difference Between gRNA and sgRNA: Traditional gRNA consists of separate crRNA and tracrRNA molecules, while sgRNA combines both components into a single RNA molecule. The crRNA sequence in sgRNA is custom-designed to match the target DNA, fused with the tracrRNA scaffold. While both terms are often used interchangeably, sgRNA is preferred for its simplicity and widespread adoption.
  3. Designing sgRNA for CRISPR Experiments: Designing effective sgRNAs involves considering various parameters:
    • PAM Sequence: The presence of a Protospacer Adjacent Motif (PAM) is crucial for Cas9 binding but should not be included in the sgRNA sequence.
    • Software Tools: Several tools aid in sgRNA design, optimizing for on-target efficiency and minimizing off-target effects.
    • Considerations: GC content, length, and mismatches between sgRNA and target site influence editing efficiency and specificity.
  4. Comparison of Different sgRNA Formats: Various methods exist for sgRNA generation:
    • Plasmid-expressed sgRNA: Generated by cloning sgRNA sequence into plasmids, this method is time-consuming and prone to off-target effects.
    • In Vitro-transcribed sgRNA: Transcribed outside cells, this method is labor-intensive and can induce immune responses.
    • Synthetic sgRNA: Chemically synthesized, this format offers high purity, stability, and efficiency, making it preferable for CRISPR experiments.
  5. ABM Maxanim Synthetic sgRNA Kits: We offer high-quality synthetic sgRNAs and kits tailored for CRISPR experiments:
    • Improved Editing Efficiency: Synthetic sgRNAs demonstrate higher editing efficiency and reproducibility compared to other formats.
    • Minimum Risk Delivery System: Synthetic sgRNAs minimize off-target effects and toxicity by transiently existing within cells.
    • Increased Experimental Convenience: Ready-to-use synthetic sgRNAs save time and effort in experiment preparation.
    • Multi-Guide sgRNA: ABM Maxanim's multi-guide sgRNAs enable efficient knockout strategies, increasing the likelihood of successful gene disruption.
  6. Advanced RNA and GMP-Compliant sgRNA: ABM Maxanim offers advanced RNA tailored to specific research needs, compatible with various Cas nucleases. Additionally, their GMP-compliant sgRNA production facility ensures high-quality RNA for clinical trials.

Understanding sgRNA is pivotal for harnessing the full potential of CRISPR technology. With advancements in ABM Maxanim synthetic sgRNA and innovative strategies like multi-guide sgRNA, researchers have powerful tools at their disposal for precise genome engineering across diverse applications.

CRISPR-Cas9 mechanism

Pinnacle CSIM (Cronobacter Sakazakii Isolation Medium)

  • Prepared agar plates for the isolation of Cronobacter sakazakii.Pinnacle™ LCA (Listeria Chromogenic Agar)
    Ready prepared Listeria Chromogenic Agar for isolation of Listeria monocytogenes.Pinnacle™ Legionella BCYE Medium (ISO)
    Pinnacle™ Legionella BCYE Medium (ISO)
    (Buffered Charcoal Yeast Extract)Pinnacle™ Legionella GVPC Medium (ISO)
    Pinnacle™ Legionella GVPC Medium (ISO)
    (Glycine Vancomycin Polymyxin Cycloheximide)Pinnacle™ mLGA (membrane Lactose Glucuronide Agar)
    Prepared agar plates for the isolation of E. coli and coliforms from water samples.Pinnacle™ Salmonella ABC (chromogenic salmonella medium)
    Prepared agar plates for the isolation of salmonellae from food samples.Pinnacle™ TBGA (Tryptone Bile Glucuronide Agar, TBX)
    Ready prepared Tryptone Bile Glucuronide Agar (TBGA, TBX) for the isolation of Escherichia coli.

Product Ranges

Lab M´s extensive range of microbiological culture media, supplements, immunomagnetic separation techniques and proficiency testing systems are used in laboratories around the world.

While our development of microbiology media that meet ISO requirements for microbiological testing in the food industry means we are especially well known in that sector, Lab M products are used in all areas of microbiology and include:

Dehydrated Culture Media
Lab M is renowned for our quality products and extensive range of dehydrated culture m 

Harmonised Pharmacopoeia
Harmonised Pharmacopoeia (USP/EP/JP)

Pinnacle™ Pre-poured Plates
We offer an expanding range of ready-to-use prepared media plates.

Lab M offers µPREP ready-to-reconstitute media bags for Buffered Peptone Water (BPW) and Half Fraser Bro

Captivate™ is a range of antibody coated paramagnetic particles for the specific immunomagnetic sepa

Peptones are often used in mammalian cell culture as substitutes, or supplements to amino acids.
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Supplements & Additives
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 Identification & Confirmation
Lab M is pleased to offer a complementary range of products for the identificati