What is Hepatitis C infection ?

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is a viral infection that affects millions of people worldwide, posing a significant public health challenge. Despite advances in treatment and prevention, hepatitis C remains a leading cause of liver disease, cirrhosis, and liver cancer.

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Causes of Hepatitis C  

Hepatitis C is caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV), which is primarily transmitted through contact with infected blood.

Common modes of transmission:

  •  sharing needles or other drug paraphernalia. 
  • Receiving contaminated blood transfus​ions or organ transplants (although this is rare nowadays due to improved screening protocols).
  • Through sexual contact or from an infected mother to her baby during childbirth. 


Many people with hepatitis C do not experience symptoms immediately, or they may have mild symptoms that are easily overlooked.

However, as the infection progresses, symptoms may include fatigue, fever, nausea, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), and dark urine.  

NOTE:  symptoms may not appear until liver damage has already occurred, which is why early detection through testing is crucial.

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Hepatitis C Treatment

Hepatitis C Prevention

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